The Phylum Mollusca

Topics: Mollusca, Mussel, Clam Pages: 2 (516 words) Published: February 4, 2014
The mollusks constitute one of the largest phyla of animals, both in numbers of living species (at least 47,000, and perhaps many more) and in numbers of individuals. A significant characteristic of mollusks is their possession of a coelom, a fluid-filled cavity that develops within the mesoderm. The coelom not only functions as a hydrostatic skeleton but also provides space within which the internal organs can be suspended by the mesenteries. All mollusks have a soft body (their name is derived from the Latin word mollus, meaning "soft"), which is generally protected by a hard, calcium- containing shell. In some forms however, the shell has been lost in the course of evolution, as in slugs and octopuses, or greatly reduced in size and internalized, as in squids. Mollusks (Phylum Mollusca) are found in marine, brackish, and fresh waters. They include a diverse group of animals such as clams, mussels, oysters, scallops, abalone, conchs, shipworms, snails, nudibranchs, chitons, squids, and octopuses. Common methods of introduction include ballast water introductions, aquarium releases, and accidental release from aquaculture facilities. Displacement by competition is the most frequently observed impact on native species. The most notable nonindigenous mussel introduction is the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha), a native of eastern Europe.Mollusks (Phylum Mollusca) are found in marine, brackish, and fresh waters. They include a diverse group of animals such as clams, mussels, oysters, scallops, abalone, conchs, shipworms, snails, nudibranchs, chitons, squids, and octopuses. Common methods of introduction include ballast water introductions, aquarium releases, and accidental release from aquaculture facilities. Displacement by competition is the most frequently observed impact on native species. The most notable nonindigenous mussel introduction is the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha), a native of eastern Europe.Mollusks (Phylum Mollusca) are...
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