Running head: PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION; BEHAVIORISM
Philosophy of Education;
B. F. Skinner created behaviorism and this is what I selected as my philosophy for education. Behaviorism uses conditioning to effect behaviors of students. Teachers can apply positive and negative reinforcements, such as stickers, praise, and rewards. My philosophy of teaching is that students should be able to learn how to communicate with others and have fun while learning. Throughout this paper I will discuss my philosophy and how I will use the methods in my day to day teaching.
A hundred years from now it will not matter what my bank account was, the sort of house I lived in, or the kind of car I drove, but the world maybe different because I was important in the life of a child. I will begin my paper with a quote that has always resounded with me and encouraged me to be a teacher. Regardless of the model or philosophy that you chose as a teacher, you have the opportunity to change the life of a child. There are different models teachers can chose from, but I chose the behaviorist model. The behaviorist model is the best suited choice for my style of teaching. Philosophy of Life
My philosophy of life has changed over the years. As a teenager, I would have said that materialistic things gave my life value. Now I value my family, friends, God, nature, and people. As a future teacher, I value the opportunity to be able to achieve my goals in becoming an educator and role model to young children. I value the idea of contributing to improving the society. I want my children in my class to learn how to develop positive relationships with their peers. I believe that all children should receive a fair education. All children deserve a fair shot at learning and their future. I want my students to build confidence and achieve their goals. I want the children to grow socially, academically, and emotionally. To understand the world around us, we Christians need to have a robust metaphysics (Spears 2003, p.8).Metaphysics are considered to be one of the greatest philosophical works. Metaphysics examines the existence of things that cannot be known or understood through the senses, such as consciousness, the immortality of souls, freedom of the will, and of course God (Spears 2003, p.7). Aristotle proposed the first of these investigations. Aristotle called it ‘first philosophy’, sometimes also ‘the science of being’ (more-or-less what ‘ontology’ means); but at some point in antiquity his writings on the topic came to be known as the ‘metaphysics’ – from the Greek for ‘after natural things’, that is, what comes after the study of nature (Craig, 1998). Teachers must have an understanding of metaphysics in order to prepare students for life. Educators can understand their students and can craft pedagogical methods that will meet their needs through metaphysics (Spears 2003, p.7). Philosophy of Teaching
Layman writes that behaviorism is a philosophy of education (p.45). This philosophy ties most closely to my personal beliefs. Behaviorism uses conditioning to effect behaviors of students. Teachers can apply positive and negative reinforcements, such as stickers, praise, and rewards. My philosophy of teaching is that students should be able to learn how to communicate with others and have fun while learning. Students must have a structured learning environment, but should be able to enjoy learning. It is vital for students to be able to communicate with others. There are some students that are shy and keep quiet, but I want to be able to bring those students out of their shell and make them communicate with their peers. I will do this by adding group activities into my lesson plans, which will be enjoyable too. Classroom instruction
MacCullough writes that the behaviorist learning model believes that the learner is passive (p.45). As the teacher I would communicate the knowledge and material. I would...
References: Braley, Layman, & White (Eds). (2003). Foundations of Christian School Education. Purposeful
Craig, Edward (1998). Metaphysics. In E. Craig (Ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. London: Routledge. Retrieved March 06, 2013, from http://www.rep.routledge.com/article/N095.
Vacca, J. L., Vacca, R. T., Gove, M. K., Burkey, L. C., Lenhart, L. A., & McKeon, C. A.
(2012). Reading and learning to read (8th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.
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