Illiteracy: A Major Drive for Underdevelopment in Nigeria and Indonesia

Topics: Literacy, Nigeria, Information literacy Pages: 12 (4422 words) Published: July 29, 2013
American university of Nigeria
Icp302 term paper
Instructor’s name: -Loveday Gbara
Focus: - Illiteracy as a successful catalyst to underdevelopment: - Nigeria and Indonesia as case studies. Written by
Ikape Joseph A. A00014235

Outline: -
1. Introduction/Background information
- Thesis statement
- Definition
- Brief history of both countries i.e. Nigeria and Indonesia - Politics and economy of both countries in relation to underdevelopment

2. Body
- Present position of both countries in terms of illiteracy development - Relating illiteracy to underdevelopment in Nigeria
- Identification of the causes and effects of illiteracy relating to underdevelopment in Nigeria - Measures taken already by Nigeria and Indonesia in tackling illiteracy - Compare the progress in Nigeria and Indonesia in terms of illiteracy eradication - Identification of basic facts about Nigeria and Indonesia

- Relate democracy to the increase in illiteracy rate in Nigeria 3. Conclusion
- Identify possible solutions to illiteracy in Nigeria 
- Recommend ways to stick to the newly acquired procedure.  - Interesting compare and contrast highlights/features
Notes: - 
1. We made use of the compare and contrast form of writing.
2. We tried as much to connect the points in this essay together to avoid confusion  3. We made use of statistics to back up our written claims e.g. graphs, tables

Thesis statement
This essay is going to follow the format of the compare and contrast form of writing; thus, Nigeria and Indonesia are immeasurable in the ratio of development literacy wise, understanding the problems associated with a third world country such as Nigeria is a big challenge that can be corrected through the use of workable effective measures, furthermore, the problems concerning these indicator will be identified, and possible solutions will be recommended. Background information/ brief history

During the 19th century, British authority had control over what would become Nigeria, and the most populous country in Africa grew drastically. After the World War II, a chain of constitutions granted greater autonomy to Nigeria; consequently, in 1960 independence surfaced. Approximately after 17years of military rule, in 1999, a new constitution was drafted and accepted; furthermore, a nonviolent changeover to civilian rule was accomplished. Ever since then, the Nigerian government has been facing the intimidating mission of improving a petroleum-based economy, but the revenues have also been lavished by corruption, misconduct, establishing democracy, as well as the continuous experience of long-lasting ethnic and religious conflicts. Though the presidential elections that took place in 2003 and 2007 were free of noteworthy misdeeds and ferocity, Nigeria, currently, is experiencing its lengthiest period of civilian ruling ever since it gained independence in 1960. The election that took place on April 2007 is correctly noted as the first ever transfer of power from a one civilian regime to another, throughout the history of Nigeria. In the 17th century, the colonization of Indonesia kicked off by the Dutch as the first actors, and then the islands were subjugated between 1942 and 1945 by Japan. Indonesia announced its liberation just before japan surrendered to the United States; however, it took approximately 4years of ruthless belligerent, occasional negotiations, and the mediation of the United Nations, before the Dutch finally accepted to handover autonomy in 1949. In 1957, president Soekarno affirmed military rule, and established “guided democracy.” In 1965, after an unsuccessful coup by so-called communist supporters, Soekarno lost power. The next year, Suharto took over power, and he ruled the country with his new order government. As a result of continual revolts by the masses, Suharto left power in 1998; consequently, 1999 marked the first ever-parliamentary election in Indonesia. Currently, Indonesia is the 3rd most populous...
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