Illiteracy in Kosova
American School of Kosova, PRISHTINA, KOSOVA
Illiteracy is the inability to read or write. Literacy is a fundamental human right. The SerbiaKosova war in 1999 damaged the social and educational areas in Kosova. The war damaged most public properties including schools. It was difficult for Kosova to recover but it managed to build and open new schools for its citizens within a couple of years. Although educational institutes were opened, it was hard for the majority of people living in Kosova, to attend them. As a result, Kosova has the highest illiteracy rate in Europe. In this paper one will read about how illiteracy is still at a high rate and how it still remains a problem in Kosova even after all these years. This paper will also explore and find out what other people think of this problem and if they think it is a real issue in the country. Moreover, this paper will also offer understanding from people educational experts and professors.
We believe that illiteracy is a big problem. Throughout our surveys we wish to find out more about what people think and not whether it is a problem. Our hypothesis can be proven right or wrong by research from the internet and articles written by experts in the field of literacy.
Kosova has a population of around 2 million people. The phenomenon of illiteracy has always been a concern to society. Over 40% of the population are illiterate. Concerning the educational situation, 61% of the female population in Kosova haven’t had a proper education and haven’t been taught formally in any way. Illiteracy amongst the Roma population in Kosova is rising to 17%. (Inclusion of Women through Literacy Training in Kosovo) Sevdie Bunjaku in her article ‘Inclusion of Women through Literacy Training in Kosovo’ she states that there are two types of illiterate groups. One type of illiteracy is called classic illiteracy. In this group are the people who do not know how to read and write at all. The other type of illiteracy is called functional illiteracy and in this group are the people who know how to read and write but don’t know how to use these skills in real life or don’t understand what they have written or read. She has come to a conclusion and assumes that the level of classic illiterates goes higher than 10%, while the level of functional illiterates goes up to a staggering 40%.
Though the reasons for illiteracy are very complex, the most distinct one is that of poor quality standards in Kosova’s education system. It does not provide students with good reading and writing skills. Another reason is for general neglect of educational issues by the government. This causes the educational system to fail. Moreover, education in general is not recognized and
distinguished as something very important or as a priority. People have a fixed mentality that in order to survive you need to work first and forget about education. Illiteracy has many times been a subject of talk in Kosova however it has never been expressed and brought forward in the Social Issues Conference. We have chosen to study this topic primarily because no one else has ever discussed this topic and people should know of one of the ...
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