Although New England and the Chesapeake region were settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions developed into two distinct societies. Why did this difference in development occur and in what ways were these societies different? Introduction and Thesis
The east coast of North America was settled by Englishmen of the same ethnicity, but by 1700 they had developed into two distinct societies.
Body Paragraph 1 – Founded for different purposes and under different climate - New England founded for religious reasons
o Puritans persecuted in England wanted “New England” Separatists founded Plymouth, broke from Anglican Church Anglican Church reform too slow, moderate Puritans Bay Colony - “We shall be that city upon a hill” Winthrop
o Connecticut, the “Blue Law State”
Founded by energetic Puritans wanted a closer church-government alliance o Exception of Rhode Island also found based for religious freedom. Founded by Roger Williams to “protest” against Puritan’s strict tolerations freedom of worship - Chesapeake colonies founded for economic reasons
o Jamestown settlers looked for gold
Gentlemen faced “starving time” b/c didn’t plant crops to survive John Smith “he who shall not work, shall not eat”
- Those worked for economy only
o Cultivation of tobacco by James Rolfe
Indentured servants who came here looked for new start in economic life No Puritans
o Exception Maryland, Catholic haven
Economically geared and used indentured servants for labor. Became major competitor with Virginia for tobacco
- Difference in climate
o New England with rocky soil, long winters
Would impact economy and how farms were organized
o Chesapeake with hot summers but fertile land
Carolinas were the “Bread Colonies”
Perfect for tobacco growing
- Would impact economy and how communities were organized.
Body Paragraph 2– New England and Chesapeake colonies had political and economic differences...
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