Education in Nepal

Topics: Literacy, Education, Secondary education Pages: 28 (9479 words) Published: October 31, 2014
THE DEVELOPMENT AND STATE OF THE ART OF ADULT LEARNING AND
EDUCATION (ALE)

National report of Nepal

by

Dattatray Dahal
Non Formal Education Center
Sanothimi, Bhuktapur
Nepal

March 28, 2008

1

Table of contents
Section one
1. General overview ………………………………………………………… 1 (Language, religion, ethnicity and vital statistic)
2. Economy …………………………………………………………………. 3 Section Two
3. Policy, legislation and financing ………………………………………….. 4 4. Main development challenges of ALE ……………………………………. 6 5. Financing of ALE ………………………………………………………… 9 6. Quality of adult learning and education provision, participation ………… 9 7. Institutional frame work …………………………………………………… 10 8. Research, innovation and good practices ………………………………….. 12 9. Key recommendations …………………………………………………….. 15 10. Adult literacy ……………………………………………………………….15 11. Overall assessment of ALE and future direction in Nepal ……………….. 18 12. Expectations ………………………………………………………………. 20 13. Conclusion ………………………………………………………………… 21 14. Annexes …………………………………………………………………… 22

2

Acronyms
LSGA: Local Self Governance Act
M/VDC: Municipality/Village Development Committee
MDG: Millennium Development Goal
MOES: Ministry of Education and Sports
NFEC: Non Formal Education Center
NNEPC: Nepal National Education Planning Commission
PRSP: poverty Reduction strategic Paper

3

National reports on the situation of ALE
Section one

General overview:
Nepal is a landlocked nation in South Asia, bordening the people’sRepublic of China to the north and India to the south, east and west. Nepal has a diverse landscape, ranging from the humid Terai plain lands in the south to the mountainous Himalayas in the north. Similarly, Nepal is a multilingual, multireligious and multiethnic society.

Languages:
Nepal’s diverse linguistic heritage evolved from four major language groups; Indo-Aryan, Mongolian, Tibeto-Burman and various indigeneous language isolates. According to the 2001 national census, 92 different living languages are spoken in Nepal. The major languages of Nepal are:

Nepali-49 %, Maithili- 12%, Bhojpuri- 8%, Tharu- 6%,, Tamang5%, Newari- 4%, Magar-3% and Awadhi- 2 %.
Nepali is the official, national language and served as lingua franca among Nepalis of different ethno linguistic groups.
Religion:
Nepal is a secular state. However, majority of the population belongs to Hinduism. The 2001 census identified 80.6% of the population as Hindu and 10.7 % . Buddhist, 4.2 % Muslim, and 3.6 % of the population follows the indigenous Kirant Mundhum religion. Christianity is practiced by less than 0.5 % of the population.

Ethnicity
Nepal's 2001 census enumerated 103 distinct castes and ethnic groups. The caste system of Nepal is rooted in the Hindu religion while the ethnic system is rooted in mutually exclusive origin myths, historical mutual seclusion and the occasional state intervention. The major caste/ethnic groups identified by the 2001 census are :

Chetri = 15.8 %, Hill Brahmin = 12.7 %, Magar = 7.1 %, Tharu = 6.8 %, Tamang = 5.6 %, Newar = 5.5 %, Muslim = 4.3 %, Kami = 3.9 %,Rai = 2.7 %, Gurung = 2.5 %. Vital Statistics


Population : 26,469,569 (July, 2003)



Age Structure :

0-14 years = 39.7 %

ears = 56.7 %
65 + years = 3.6 %


Population growth rate = 2.17 % (2006)



Birth rate : 32.46 births/1,000 population (2003)



Death rate : 9.84 deaths/1,000 population (2003)

4



Sex ratio :
at birth : 1.05 male/female
under 15 years : 1.07 male/female
15-64 years : 1.05 male/female
65 +

years : 0.97 male/female

total population : 1.05 male/female (2003)


Infant mortality rate : 70.57 deaths/1,000 live births .
Where,
Female = 72.27 deaths/1,000 live births
Male = 68.95 deaths/1,000 (2003)



Life expectancy at birth :
Total population = 59 years
Male = 59.36 years
Female = 58.63 years (2003)



Total fertility rate : 4.39 children born/woman (2003)



Nationality :
Noun : Nepali...
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